The archaeological site of the Casa del Obispo has been located in the historic center of the city of Cádiz, between the old cathedral and the new cathedral of the city. The oldest archaeological remains belong to a small Phoenician archaic building of the 8th century BC The following structure in interest is a funerary monument from the Phoenician period whose chronology is of the 6th century BC, which together with its annexes excavated in the rock, forms one of the sets most important burials of the Iberian Peninsula.


From this moment there is a sacralization of the area that culminates in the Bárcida period with a first monumentalization of space. In the Republican era, the Punic buildings were joined by a new group with a transformation of the ritual relating to water, a fact that until now had not been documented. The increase in importance of this cultural space culminates in ancient times with the restructuring of space giving it a great monumentality highlighting the remains of a Roman temple belonging to a group of three. All this area by the remains appeared has been interpreted as a sanctuary to Esculapio or Esklapieion.

It was a place of worship of different civilizations; whose starting point was a large Phoenician funerary monument. During Roman times it was a complex related to the cults of the gods Apollo, Asclepius and Hygia (Asklepieion). In the 16th century, Bishop García de Haro converted it into an episcopal residence.

-SALAS DEL OACIMIENTO-

* ROOM 1 | ROOM OF THE ROMAN CISTERNAS | Chronological evolution of the Casa del Obispo archaeological site, 3,000 years of continuous habitat.

* 2nd century BC The republican cisterns of the first Roman building.
Century XVI. The corrals of the Episcopal Palace.

* ROOM 2 | SALA DE LOS SOTANOS | Centuries VI BC to III AD The cellars excavated in the rock, Rooms of the healing dreams (incubatio).

* ROOM 3 | PAINTS ROOM | 1st century AD The Roman building of the imperial era. Centuries XVI and XVII. The warehouse of the Episcopal Palace.

* ROOM 4 | STABLES ROOM | Stratigraphy. Centuries XI to XIII. The Muslim occupation XVI Century The Episcopal Palace.

* ROOM 5 | CRYPTOPTOCK ROOM | Cryoptoortic incubation.

* ROOM 6 | TEMPLE ROOM | 8th to 7th century BC E. settlement from the 8th to 7th centuries BC Phoenician constructions 1st century BC Roman cisterns. 1st century AD The foundations of the Roman temple.

* ROOM 7 | ROOM OF THE RITUAL WELL | 2nd century BC Tank type bagnarola with gable roof. 1st century AD The ritual well of the Asklepieion I dC

* ROOM 8 | ROOM OF THE FUNERARIO MONUMENT FENICIO | 6th century BC Phoenician Funerary Monument.
2nd century BC The republican cisterns of the first Roman building.
XVI - XVII century. The walls of the Gale.

Source: lacasadebishop.

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